Descendants of The Great Cholas : சோழனின் வாரிசுகள்
This " Descendents of The Great Cholas " has been dedicated to the 'Fake history face book heroes' who is creating mess about the present Chola family. Number of blogs has been created about the present Pichavaram Cholas; who have not suddenly sprang from earth. We have innumerable proofs and Rights/Traditions which proclaims that they are the Descendants of Cholas. This family has been identified by "Varalatru Pulli Sathasiva Pandarathar" .
(*)After the down fall of the Great Cholas in 14th century, the Cholas left their capital from Gangaikonda Cholapuram and went to Chidambaram due to the invasion of Pandyas, Mughul and Nayaks . The existence of the Chola family has been traced in Umapathi Sivachariyar's work and in Sanskrit works of Yagna Narayana in Sathitya ratnagara and in the later copper plates.
(*)The predominant event which traces the Cholas are the crowning ceremony of the Chola kings in Chidambaram. The crowning is performed by Thillai Diksidhars . The Thillai Diksithars would never crown none other than the Chola kings. "Varalatru Pulli", Shri Pandarathar announced the existence of Cholas as Pichavaram Cholas in Tamil Manadu. Still the crowning ceremony and Cholamandagapadi is being performed by the descendants of Cholas from Chidambaram.
(*)Sri Umapathi Sivacharya, who lived in 14th century has given the proof for "Veera varma Chola" in Sri Umapati Sivacarya his life, works and contribution to Saivism. Simmavarman alies Hiranyavarman also called Goudadesa Arasan when described, gives an impression of describing King Chola. Simmavarman's clan has been referred to as Manukulathon. Hiranyavarman was given the Tiger flag by Vyagirabathar. Furthermore , Hiranyavarman was crowned in Thillai as a Chola King. The above said events has been dictinctly brought out in Periyapuranam.
The below pictures from Chidambaram temple which we have given in this another evidence for the Cholas Crowning ceremony.
திருவிழாச்சருக்கத்தின் கடைசியில் இரணியாவர்மாவால் ஆரம்பிக்கப் பெற்ற விழாக்களைப் பிற்காலத்தில் சோழ அரசர்கள் நடத்தினார்கள் என்று கோயிற்புராண உரை ஆசிரியரும் கூறுகிறார்.
From the book Sri Umapati Sivacarya his life, works and contribution to saivism. It's clearly mentioned About the Chola king Veeravarma Chola who rulled from " Pitharburam" now called as "Pichavaram".
"ஆசார்யரும் வீரவர்மசோழனைப் பார்த்து 'இவளது ஜீவனத்தின்பொருட்டு நிலங்களை மானியமாக விட்டுக்கொடுக்கக்கடவாய் ' என்று ஆஞ்ஞாபிக்க , அரசனும் 'அங்ஙனம் செய்வேன்' என்று ஆசார்யரை வணங்கி அனுமதி பெற்றுக்கொண்டு "பிச்சபுரம்போய்ச் சேர்ந்தான்".நீ வருந்தாதே. உன்னைக் கடவுள் பாதுகாப்பார் என்று ஆசார்யர் அருளிச்செய்ய , அதில் நம்பிக்கை பிறவாமல் அவள் பிச்சபுரமென்னும் சமீபஸ்தலத்தில் அந்நாள் அரசுபுரிந்திருந்த " வீரவர்மா என்னும் சோழனிடத்திற்போய் முறையிட்டாள்.அதன்பின் உமாபதிசிவாசார்யர் சிதம்பரத்தின் தென் கீழ்த்திசையதாகிய "ராஜேந்திரபுரம்" என்னும் கொற்றங்குடியில் தம்பொருட்டு வீரவர்மசோழனால் கட்டப்பட்ட மடாலயத்தில் சீடர்களோடு வசித்தார்.
Umapathi sivachariyar who stayed in " Rajendrapuram" alias "Kotravankudi" where a madalayam was built by Cholaking Veera varma chola.
Perichai solagan and vedandi cholan:
From the book of " The Nayaks of Tanjore" . we have plenty of information about Cholaking who ruled from Devikottah (Tivukottah or Jalakottah). The solagan who is the supporter of senji king Krishnapa Nayaka. Who gave lot of troubles to Achuthappa Nayak was the Thanjavur Nayak king who ruled from 1560 to 1614 .
Achyutappa's last years saw the beginning of troubles caused by the rise of a powerful chief "Solaga", who was a subordinate of the Gingee Nayak and the ruler of Kottaitivu situated at the mouth of the Coleroon and also by the Portuguese settlers on the coast.
The CholaKing who ruled from Tivkottah has been portrayed as a Nefarious king by yagnanarayana Dikshita. In order to praise Nayak Kings.There is a contradiction between Yagna Narayana dikshita and Father pimenta about The CholaKing. Where Yagna Narayana compared the CholaKing with Ravana.
Where the father pimenta describing about the Cholaking who was 80 years old. And he received father pimenta very kindly to his fort. He found number of trained crocodiles around the fort "Tivukottah" all the crocodiles are well trained by the Cholaking they nevertheless killed a man.
According to the Yagnanarayana Dikshita, "Solaga" was giving great trouble to the he neighbourhood and used to inflict inhuman punishments on the innocent people of the land; he would bind them up in empty sacks and after having them well beaten with pestles, would throw the sacks containing the men into the waters of his rivers to be devoured by the crocodiles. He would also subject the Kalamal ( perhaps Kallamars) of Achyuta's territory to unheard of atrocities by passing sharp needles into the roots of their hairs.
He is compared to Ravana of the great epic for his misdeeds, the only difference Solaga" had only one head instead of ten.
Father Pimenta thus describes the "Solaga":- " He is old and sever and hath caused to be put in his river for his security charging them not to hurt his own people. They nevertheless killed a man; whereupon I know not by what arts he took two of them which were the malefactors and put chains round their necks and cast them into a miry place, there to be stoned by the people and to die of famine." His son, a boy of 14, became greatly attached to the Jesuits during Father Pimenta's stay at Gingee; and he took them from that place to the castle of his father who received them very kindly.
Yagnanarayana Dikshita refers to the sons and relatives of "Solaga" ( Canto XIII, Sl. 81).
Sahityaratnakara; XIII, Sl. 84.
Sahityaratnakara; XIII, Sl. 86.
Sahityaratnakara; Canto XV. Sl. 20.
The victory over the Chola king by the Tanjore Nayaks:
In the battle against The Cholaking of Tivukottah. The Nayak kings used lots of elephants ,camels, Infantary, cavalry with large number of Muhammadan soldiers and sinhale troops.
The Sahityaratnakara also refers to Raghunatha Nayak's march from his capital against "Solaga" with a huge and well equipped army composed of infantry( Batas), cavalry and elephantry leaving the administration of the kingdom in the hands of Govinda Dikshita. The elephants were all well caparisoned and were also equipped with iron howdahs, while the horses were mounted upon by soldiers who wore long turbans and carried with them bows and arrows. Camels are also mentioned as a component part of his army. There were besides, a large number of Muhammadan soliders in his train and also Yavanas who were perhaps Sinhalese troopers. The Tanjore army carried with them bows, arrows, swords and a weapon called Nalikayudham having an analavarti (fire wick). The king was n armour and rode on a white elephant. Ramabhadramba and Yagnanarayana Dikshita give a picturesque account of the Tanjore army.
The army left the capital in full battle array and soon reached the town of Kumbakonam and Raghunatha crossing the river Cauvery advanced towards the territory of "Solaga". The rebellious chief was helped by the Portuguese and also by Krishnappa Nayaka of Gingee. Raghunatha crossing the river Coleroon, is said to have offeref a severe fight and laid siege to his fort. The smoke emanating from the firing guns (Agniyantras) is said to have enveloped the whole island. And Raghunatha Nayak, after a short but sharp fight, took "Solaga"and his family as captives and threw him into prison.
The expedition against "Solaga" was a complete success for the Tanjore army which occupied his fort. This was the first victory for Raghunatha Nayak; DR.S.K.Ayyangar says that this may be dated in A.D. 1615.Later we have the information about the Chola king whose name was identified as Perichchi Solagan and he was killed by Vedandi Cholan who was the supporter of Nayaka. We have the stone inscription of 1583 in Kutti andavar koil about " Vitaleshwara Sorapa Solagan". In the Sahityarathnakara by Yagna Narayana the mentioned Chola who was aged 80 in 1597. The Perichchi Cholagan who has been referred in the below may the son of Chola king Vitaleshwara Solagan who has been mentioned in the stone inscription of Kutti andavar Temple.The chronicles which refer to the imprisonment of "Solaga" and the Pandyan king' say that the latter alone was released. What became of "Solaga" is not mentioned.
The English Ractory Records, 1661-64.
An inscription coming from Nodiyur (Tanjore District: 200 0f 1932) registers an annual grant of 30 pon made to one Vedanticholan of Sengilinadu as remuneration for the latter's services in having captured and killed a certain Perichchi Solagan. Since the record contains only the cyclic year Sobakrit, the exact date is not easy to calculate. If Perichchi Solagan can be identified with Solaga of Devikottah, whom Raghunatha defeated and imprisoned, then the epigraph would have us understand, that he escaped from prison and fled for life. Vendandi Cholan might have captured this culprit while he was roaming about and put an end to his life.
We have the information about Pilinjai cholan in 18th century. The Pilinjai Cholan was the relative of Sirkali Poligar "Neelakarma kathvaja Raja Pirithankaran agni kuthirai yeri anegam varisai petra raja Shri Azagiya chidambara Rowtha Meenda Nayinar" who donated his own village to 12 brahmins in 1701 A.C.
மேலும் புலவர் செ. இராசு அவர்கள் பதிப்பித்த, தமிழ்ப் பல்கலைக் கழகச் செப்பேடு (கி.பி.1701), இரணிய வர்மன் வழிவந்த பிச்சாவரம் சோழ மன்னர்களைப் பற்றி குறிப்பிடுகிறது :-
"சீகாழிச் சீமை பச்ச மாகாணத்தில் பிளியஞ் சோழகனிருப்புக்கு ப்ரதினாமமான நல்ல னாயக புரத்தில்"
கி.பி. 1701 ஆம் ஆண்டு இரண்டாவது மராட்டிய மன்னன் சகசி ஆட்சியின் போது வன்னிய குல க்ஷத்ரிய மரபினைச் சார்ந்த சீர்காழிச் சீமையின் பாளையக்காரரான "நீலகர்ம கத்வஜ ராஜ பிரிதாங்கரான அக்னி குதிரை யேறி அநேகம் வரிசைப் பெற்ற ராஜ ஸ்ரீ அழகிய சிதம்பர இராவுத்த மிண்ட நயினார்" அவர்கள் தனக்கு சொந்தமான வரிசைப் பத்துக் கிராமத்தில் இருந்த நிலங்களை பன்னிரெண்டு அந்தணர்களுக்குத் நிலக்கொடையாக அளித்தார். நிலக்கொடைப் பெற்ற பன்னிரெண்டு அந்தணர்களும் சீர்காழிச் சீமை பச்சை மாகாணத்தில் "பிளியஞ் சோழகன் இருப்பான நல்ல நாயக புரத்தில்" இருந்தவர்கள் என்று தமிழ்ப் பல்கலைக் கழகச் செப்பேடு (கி.பி.1701) குறிப்பிடுகிறது. எனவே மேற்குறிப்பிட்ட செப்பேடு (கி.பி. 1701) "பிச்சாவரம் சோழ அரசர்களைப்" பற்றி தெளிவாக தெரிவிக்கிறது..
Pichavaram Cholas from 19th century :=========================================• Maha Raja Shri Ramapathra Surappa Cholaganar - 1872
• Maha Raja Shri Andiyappa Surappa Cholaganar - 1892
• Maha Raja Shri SamiDurai Srappa Cholaganar - Crowned in 1908
• Maha Raja Shri Thillai Kannu Surappa Cholaganar - 1911 -1943
• Maha Raja Shri Aandiyappa Surappa Cholaganar - Crowned in 1943 News published in Indian Express dated 24 August 1943
• Maha Raja Shri Chidambaranatha Surappa Cholaganar- Crowned in 1978.
The Late Maha Raja Shri Chidambaranatha Surappa Chozanar, was Crowned in 1978. His Mother was Rani Rajathi Alias Jalajagandi Ayyal of Udayar Palayam Samasthanam, daughter of Maha Raja Shri Maharaja Samidurai of Vadaku Chinna Aramani.
Maha Raja Shri Chidambaranatha Surappa Chozanar married Santhi Devi (alias) Jalajagandi Ayyal, daughter of Maha Raja Raja Shri Chinna Kulanthai Raja of Udayar Palayam Samasthanam near Jayam Kondam. Rani Santhi Devi bore him two sons Chakravarthy Surappa Chozaganar, Mannar Mannan Surappa Chozaganar and a daughter, Ishwarya Surappa Chozaganar.
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Our sincere Thanks to who gave various information's in there Research
Nmurali Naicker Arumugam Annal Nadana Kasinathan ayya Pulavar Rasu